Warszawa – church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

   The church was erected on the Vistula slope, which was the site of a pagan temple. It was founded in 1409 by prince Janusz Elder and his wife Danuta Anna daughter of Lithuanian prince Kiejstut, and two years later consecrated by bishop Wojciech Jastrzebiec. Soon the church became the temple of fishermens and craftsmens, and was famous for the fact that the sermons were also taught here in German.
  
In the second half of the 15th century by the prince of Warsaw and Zakroczym, Bolesław IV, the church was enlarged and transformed into a three-nave basilica. In 1518 a bell tower was added.
  
During the war with the Swedes in the seventeenth century the church was ransacked and destroyed. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries it was rebuilt several times, but in 1906-1915 the temple was regothisated under the direction of Józef P. Dziekanski and Stefan Szyller. During World War II, the church was razed several times and burned up during the Warsaw Uprising. In the years 1947-1952 it was rebuilt to his original appearance.

Architecture

   The church from the 15th century is a three-nave basilica with a narrower, polygonally closed chancel and a built-in 16th-century free-standing bell tower. It is supported by high buttresses, and the walls are decorated with brick, geometric friezes and blendes. The interior of the temple has stellar vaults.

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bibliography:
Żabicki J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Mazowsza i Podlasia, Warszawa 2010.
Website wikipedia.org, Kościół Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny w Warszawie.