Warszawa – church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

   The church was erected on the Vistula slope, which was the site of a pagan temple. It was founded in 1409 by prince Janusz Elder and his wife Danuta Anna daughter of Lithuanian prince Kiejstut, and two years later consecrated by bishop Wojciech Jastrzebiec. Soon the church became the temple of fishermens and craftsmens, and was famous for the fact that the sermons were also taught here in German.
  
In the second half of the 15th century by the prince of Warsaw and Zakroczym, Bolesław IV, the church was enlarged and transformed into a three-aisle basilica. In 1518 a bell tower was added.
  
During the war with the Swedes in the seventeenth century the church was ransacked and destroyed. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries it was rebuilt several times, but in 1906-1915 the temple was regothisated under the direction of Józef P. Dziekanski and Stefan Szyller. During World War II, the church was razed several times and burned up during the Warsaw Uprising. In the years 1947-1952 it was rebuilt to his original appearance.

Architecture

      From the fifteenth century, the church was a three-aisle basilica with an elongated, polygonal chancel on the eastern side and a sacristy on the northern side, and since the sixteenth century it had a bell tower added on the south side, connected with a passage on the ground floor with the nave. The tower was supported by high stepped buttresses, and the walls were decorated with brick, geometric friezes, panels and blendes. Similarly, the walls of the nave and the chancel were reinforced with buttresses, between which pointed windows were pierced, in the central aisle flanked with blendes of a similar shape. The interior of the church was crowned with stellar vaults with various drawings in the aisles and the central nave.

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bibliography:
Kunkel R.M., Architektura gotycka na Mazowszu, Warszawa 2005.

Żabicki J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Mazowsza i Podlasia, Warszawa 2010.
Website wikipedia.org, Kościół Nawiedzenia Najświętszej Marii Panny w Warszawie.