Ujazd Śląski – Bishop’s Castle

History

    The castle was erected in the middle of the 13th century and belonged to the bishops of Wrocław. It originally had the shape of a brick, quadrangle tower surrounded by two moats and earth ramparts. In the tower resided the appointed by bishop administrator, who collected taxes and took care of safety in the area. In the 13th century, a quadrangle wall was added to the tower to form a small inner ward. In the 14th century a new building was erected in the south-west corner.
   
In 1370, the bishop of Wrocław, after losing the war with prince of Opole, Bolko III, was forced to demolish the fortifications. The Bohemian king Charles IV of Luxembourg, led to the settlement, but the condition was to remove the fortified character of the castle. The fortifications, however, were soon rebuilt and left undamaged by the agreement of 1414. The castle remained in the hands of the bishops of Wrocław until 1443, and then passed under the control of prince Bolko V. In 1524 castle was described as a ruin, sold to Nicholas Dluhomil. In 1580 the castle was rebuilt in renaissance style. Presumably, it was damaged during the Thirty Years’ War. After 1729 the owner of the residence was Henryk Sobek, who made another reconstruction of the castle, which gives the baroque style of the palace residence. From 1838 the last owner of the castle was the family of prince Hohenlohe. The collapse of the building came in 1945 when the town was acquired by the Red Army.

Architecture

    The oldest part of the castle was a four-sided tower with a side length of 8.5 meters with buttresses at the corners. Its western wall became a segment of the perimeter wall, enclosing a rectangle measuring 23 x 31,5 meters. The castle was surrounded by two moats and the entrance was located in the eastern wall on the axis of the tower. In the 14th century residential house was built in the south-west part of castle.

Current state

    To this day only remnants of the castle, transformed in early modern times have preserved. In recent years it have been secured and weeded, timber stairs and view platform on the castle floor have been built also.

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bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.