The abbey, situated on the limestone hill on the Vistula river, consists of the church of St. Peter and Paul and monastic buildings. The church was originally a romanesque two-nave basilica without a transept, probably with two or possibly one tower from the west. The temple from the east was probably ended with an apse. After 1452, the church was rebuilt in the gothic style into a hall building with an elongated, three-side ended chancel, with a chapel in the extension of the southern nave and a square tower in the north-western part.
From the south to the church adjoined the romanesque monastery buildings surrounding the inner patio with gothic cloisters. Romanesque cloisters were not built due to invasions, it were built only during the 15th century reconstruction. The extension of the abbey on the south side creates another three-wing complex with an inner, second patio. In the south – western part there was a library, in the north – west so called Opatówka, forming a gate complex.
The 14th-century castle on the monastery hill was probably founded on the plan of a triangle, with one tower over the Vistula embankment. The castle and the abbey’s buildings were surrounded by thick walls, equipped with a sidewalk for guards and battlements.
Today in the Tyniec monastery there are both romanesque and gothic and unfortunately baroque elements. From the earliest period, the walls of the church have preserved up to about 5 meters high and the wall between the temple and the cloisters with the romanesque portal. The church’s chancel and cloisters are now gothic. The abbey still performs religious functions, but its part is open to the public. Practical information for tourists can be found on the abbey website here.
Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Krasnowolski B., Leksykon zabytków architektury Małopolski, Warszawa 2013.
Sztuka polska przedromańska i romańska do schyłku XIII wieku, red. M. Walicki, Warszawa 1971.