Tuczno – castle

History

   Construction of the brick castle began in 1338 by Ludwik and Lamprecht von Wedel. It was an important strategic point due to its location on the border between Brandenburg and the Land of Wałecka. In 1365, the Weels paid homage to the king of Poland. In the 15th century the castle was besieged by the Teutonic Knights several times. On August 18, 1409, the Wedels managed to defend the fortress (protected by a moat, an earth rampart and palisade town Tuczno was captured then), but on 13 September they had to surrender it. In the hands of the Teutonic Knights the castle remained until 1411, and again they took it in 1436 and in 1458, when it was burned. Ultimately Tuczno returned to Poland after signing the Second Toruń Peace in 1466.
  
In the years 1542-1581, the renaissance reconstruction of the castle was made by the Stanislaw I Wedel-Tuczynski, yet it retained its fortiefied character. In the years 1608-1631 the Poznań castellan Krzysztof II Wedel-Tuczynski built two new wings and then the original defensive structure became a palace residence on the horseshoe plan. Further transformations took place in the middle of the 18th century and around 1846. The buildings were partially destroyed in 1945 and then burned in 1947. They were rebuilt in 1966-1976.

Architecture

   The castle is situated on a hill between two lakes. The original site had a plan similar to the trapezoid with 28x35x36x39 sides and consisted of a peripheral wall with a gate from the north and a residential home. Its corners were reinforced with powerful buttresses. It stood on the east curtain and was 13×35 meters in size. The building was demolished in 1581 and a residential wing with two round towers was built in its place. Earlier, as in the 15th century, at the western wall, a house with basement of 8×11 m was erected.

Current state

   The present castle was rebuilt in renaissance and baroque forms from the early 18th century. Most of the interiors, apart from the eastern wing, received a new form. At present, the Association of Polish Architects is located in the castle with a conference center, a hotel and a restaurant.

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bibliography:
Anders P., Łęcki W., Maluśkiewicz P., Słownik krajoznawczy Wielkopolski, Warszawa 1992.

Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Radacki Z., Średniowieczne zamki Pomorza Zachodniego, Warszawa 1976.