Trzcinica – open air museum

History

   The archaeological museum called Carpathian Troy was built on the site of one of the most important archaeological sites in Poland called the Kings Shafts, dating back to the early Bronze Age. At that time, a fortified settlement was built there, where in the years 2100-1650 b.c. the population of the Mierzanowice culture was inhabited. Then in the years 1650-1350 b.c. the transcarpathian Otomani-Füzesabony culture community was inhabited here, by a very high civilization level, whose hillfort occupied an area of ​​almost 2 hectares at its peak. At that time there were cultural influences from the great civilizations of the Mediterranean Sea, but also from the north of the Baltic Sea.
  
In the early Middle Ages in the years 780-1031 a.d. there was in Trzcinica a center of local authority, and a powerful fortress, occupied over 3 hectares of area circled with ramparts. The older phase of the early medieval hollfort is now considered as one of the oldest West Slavic defense sites in Poland. In turn, the collapse of the fort in Trzcinica can be linked with the events of 1029 -1031, the recovery by the Kievan Rus so-called Czerwień Forts together with Przemysl.

Architecture

   The early medieval slavic hillfort occupied an area of about 3 hectares and was surrounded by monumental ramparts of 1250 meters long, which today still in some parts reach 10 meters high and 20 meters wide at the base. It consisted of a fortified, older Bronze Age fort and three additional baileys. The ramparts were wooden-earth with palisade or braid.

Current state

   The open-air museum complex consists of a hillfort and an archaeological park lying at its foot. On the hillfort over 150 meters of ramparts, a Bronze Age gate and an early medieval gate leading to the fort and 6 huts were reconstructed. In the area of the archaeological park are located reconstructions of the village dating from the early Bronze Age and Slavic village from the early Middle Ages. All reconstructions were made on the results of scientific researches and with a view to the most accurate reproduction of historical reality. There is also a modern exhibition’s pavilion with a spacious exhibition room, a conference room, a multimedia education room for children, and a gastronomic area where food is prepared based on the culinary art of our ancestors. Opening times and events can be found on the official website here.

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bibliography:
Website karpackatroja.pl, O Karpackiej Troi.