Tropie – church of St Andrew and St Benedict

History

   The church was founded around 1045 by Casimir the Restorer, and consecrated about 1073 to St. Stanislaus the Martyr. According to tradition, the temple was built in the place where the hermitage was located of St. Świerad, a Benedictine monk living at the turn of the 10th and 11th centuries. Completion of the building dates back to the turn of the 11th and 12th centuries. In the 13th century the sacristy was added to the north wall. In the sixteenth century, part of the chancel walls was raised, vaulted and the chapel of the Mother of God, now the sacristy, was added to the south wall. In the documents of the sale of goods Tropsztyn from 1535, the church was mentioned under the name of St. Gerald, and from 1556 to 1603 served Protestants as a Calvinist church. In the seventeenth century the porch and “monastery”, located on the northern wall of the aisle, were added and the nave was extended to the west.

Architecture

   Orientated towards the sides of the world, the church was built of sandstone blocks bonded with clay with a small admixture of lime. Originally, the temple was aisleless with a separate, narrower chancel on a square-like plan. It was illuminated by small Romanesque windows with semicircular finials and spalyed from the outside. In the 13th century, a sacristy was added adjacent to the northern wall of the chancel.

Current state

   From the original Romanesque building only the chancel walls, wchich were later raised, are visible, and the relics of the north and west walls of the nave. Inside are preserved fragments of the Romanesque painting depict the figure of the Hungarian ruler, St. Stefan, who brought St. Świerad from the Dunajec to the Hungarian then Slovakia. In the southern corner there is a Romanesque zacchaeus in the form of a painted cross, next to the later Gothic one.

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bibliography:
Website wikipedia.org, Kościół Świętych Andrzeja Świerada i Benedykta w Tropiu.