Świebodzice – St Anna’s Church

History

   The exact date of church construction is difficult to determine due to the lack of source informations. It is often assumed that it was built at the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, but it is possible that it was only built in the second half of the fourteenth or even the fifteenth century. Served as the oldest known source reference, information about the temple from the reign of prince Henry I the Bearded of 1226 in fact concerns the church in the former village of Ciernie, located to the north-east of the center of Świebodzice. The next reference from 1228, contrary to popular opinion, does not describe the defensive character of the church, but only provides information about settlers from the West, who are exempt from the burdens of Polish law and who receive German law. According to legend, the building burned down from a lightning strike and has since been a ruin, in fact the destruction probably brought it the Thirty Years War.

Architecture

   The church was an aisleless building erected in the Gothic style of erratic, unworked stones with bricks inserts from which corbels and probably vaults were made. The chancel was polygonal (with five sides of octagonal) and, like the nave, reinforced with numerous buttresses. It is possible, however, that the nave was originally wooden and was never rebuilt into a brick one. Interestingly, the eastern end of the church was asymmetrical, possibly due to planning or construction errors. Originally it was topped with vaults, as evidenced by numerous buttresses strengthening the walls from the outside. A sacristy was added to the chancel from the north.

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bibliography:
Świebodzice. Zarys monografii miasta, red. K.Matwijowski, Wrocław – Świebodzice 2001.

Website swiebodzice.pl, Zabytki miasta.
Website zamkidwory.forumoteka.pl, Świebodzice – kościół św. Anny.