Świebodzice – town defensive walls


   Świebodzice was fortified in the late 13th century with wooden and earthen fortifications. In the first half of the 14th century they were replaced by a stone wall. For the first time they are mentioned in 1421. The first serious baptism of the war took place during the Hussite wars when, in 1427, they repulsed the invasion. They were partially destroyed at the end of the Thirty Years War and in the great fire of 1774. Then partially dismantled in the first half of the nineteenth century.


   The fortifications were built of erratic and rubble stone. They only had one ring in the shape of a circle. Throughout its length, there were ten small towers. To the town initially led two and then three gates. On the east was the Świdnicka Gate, in the west Bolkowska Gate and the Strzegom Gate. In the first half of the 15th century the walls were reinforced with additional earth ramparts.

Current state

   Świebodzice defensive walls have survived on 70-80% of the original circuit. The best part is the fragment from Piłsudskiego street, where there is a roofed tower and reconstructed defender’s porch.

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Przyłęcki M., Mury obronne miast Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław 1970.