Strzegom – city defensive walls

History

The defensive walls of Strzegom were built in the years 1291-99 on the order of prince Bolko II in place of previously existing wooden-earth fortifications. After the Hussite Wars, around the middle of the 15th century fortifications were extended by a second, outer ring. Around 1475, an extended, semicircular low towers were erected, among them a defensive chapel of St. Antoni. During the Thirty Years War the fortifications suffered damage but were rebuilt. The demolition was carried out from 1748 and finally formally liquidated after 1823. The last destruction of the relics of the fortification took place during the battle for the town in 1945.

Architecture

 
The defensive walls were built of stone on an oval plan with a slight bulge on the south-eastern side, for the basilica of Saint Peter and Paul. It were strengthened with towers, and from the 15th century by the second, outer, lower ring of the wall equipped with semicircular, low towers. The town had five gates: Jawor Gate from the north, Wrocław (Wittiga) Gate from the east, New Gate from the south, Świdnica Gate from the south-east and Grabińska from south-west. The outer part of the defense was moat, supplied by the waters of the Strzegomka River.
 

Current state

The best preserved fragment of fortifications is the Birds Tower (Bow Tower) located in the western part of the Old Town at Kamienna street and a tower that is part of the chapel of St. Anthony. In the park between Kamienna and Parkowa streets is a low wall with the outline of the tower. Further south – west of Krótka street to St. Thomas street also retains a section of walls, partly used as a wall of buildings. The most neglected stretch is in the south and south-east of the Old Town. The lower part of the walls is located at the monastery complex where formerly was the Jawor Gate.

show the Birds Tower on map

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bibliography:
Przyłęcki M., Mury obronne miast Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław 1970.

Website zabytek.pl, Średniowieczne mury obronne Strzegom.