Stopnica – church of the Apostles Peter and Paul

History

   In 1326, during the reign of Ladislaus the Elbow-high, at the present site a chapel of St. Anna was erected. In 1349-1362, the parish church of St. Apostles Peter and Paul was added to it, which was founded by king Casimir the Great. According to tradition, it was one of the six expiation foundations for the drowning of priest Marcin Baryczka, who reminded him of a dissolute lifestyle.
  
The church was destroyed and ransomed by the Swedes in 1655, and two years later by the duke of Transylvania, George II Rakoczi. After the destruction, the roof and the ridge turret were Baroque, although the walls themselves were not remodeled and remained Gothic. In such a form survived to the Second World War. In 1944 and 1945, 100% of the Stopnica buildings fell victim to war. Also the temple of Stopnica was destroyed. At the end of the war, reconstruction of this valuable monument was begun. Works took place between 1946-1958, during which the church was reconstructed to its original form.

Architecture

   The church received the form of a two-aisle, hall structure, with a narrower, elongated chancel with a polygonal closure in the east and a sacristy added to it from the north. The external façades of the church were reinforced with buttresses, placed close to each other, especially in the presbytery. Between them, eight pointed-arch windows were pierced, five of them high, filled with traceries in the presbytery.
  
Inside the nave, two pillars supported the vaults with bosses (some of them have survived the war). On the cross-ribbed and six-sided vault of the presbytery there is a boss showing the head of Casimir the Great, and on the boss of the vaults above the aisles there are coats of arms of Polish provinces from the times of the last Piast king.

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bibliography:
Grzybkowski A., Gotycka architektura murowana w Polsce, Warszawa 2016.
Website wikipedia.org, Kościół Świętych Apostołów Piotra i Pawła w Stopnicy.