Stary Zamek – St Stanislaus Church

History

   The church was erected in the third quarter of the 13th century. At the beginning of the 14th century a tower was added. From the 16th century to 1672 it was a Protestant church. Around 1600, the interior was remodeled, introducing a matroneum over the sacristy and musical choir at the northern wall of the nave. The vault’s ribs and the southern portal were also covered with polychrome. After the re-catholization, the building was repaired. In 1694, a southern porch was built in the half-timbered structure, which was replaced by stone one after the fire in 1846. At that time, an annex was built at the sacristy. In 1853 and 1915, the church was rebuilt and roofed. Moreover, in 1915 restoration work was carried out at the ceiling, the shape of the window openings has also been altered and new internal plasters have been laid.

Architecture

   Church of St. Stanislaus is a late romanesque structure with distinct features of early gothic style. It is orientated, made of small stones and regularly worked larger blocks in the corners of the walls. It has one nave, set on a rectangular plan with narrower, close to the square chancel, and sacristy adjoining from the north. The nave is preceded by a four-sided tower. In the walls of the tower, the nave and presbytery are preserved scaffolding holes. Corners of the nave and chancel are strengthen with buttresses of smooth granite blocks. In the south wall of the nave there is the main portal of the 13th century. On both sides there are two romanesque stone lions from the twelfth century, most probably from the Augustinian abbey on the Ślęża.
   The interior of the nave was covered with a timber ceiling, and in the presbytery there was a rib vault, flowing down to the ancillary columns, equipped with cup-shaped capitals and flat bases. In the western part of the nave there are brackets, remains after the original matroneum.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Sztuka polska przedromańska i romańska do schyłku XIII wieku, red. M. Walicki, Warszawa 1971.
Świechowski Z., Architektura na Śląsku do połowy XIII wieku, Warszawa 1955.

Website zabytek.pl, Kościół parafialny pw. św. Stanisława Biskupa i Męczennika Stary Zamek.