Stary Zamek – St Stanislaus’ Church

History

   The church was erected in the third quarter of the 13th century. At the beginning of the 14th century a tower was added. From the 16th century to 1672 it was a Protestant church. Around 1600, the interior was remodeled, introducing a matroneum over the sacristy and musical choir at the northern wall of the nave. The vault’s ribs and the southern portal were also covered with polychrome. After the re-catholization, the building was repaired. In 1694, a southern porch was built in the half-timbered structure, which was replaced by stone one after the fire in 1846. At that time, an annex was built at the sacristy. In 1853 and 1915, the church was rebuilt and roofed. Moreover, in 1915 restoration work was carried out at the ceiling, the shape of the window openings has also been altered and new internal plasters have been laid.

Architecture

   Church of St. Stanislaus was erected as a late Romanesque building with early Gothic features. It was orientated towards the sides of the world, built of unworked stone and ashlar in the corners and reveals of walls. In the walls of the tower, the nave and the presbytery, putlog holes on the scaffold beams have been preserved.
  
The church received single nave on a rectangular plan with a narrower, square-like chancel on the eastern side, to which the sacristy was attached from the north. From the west, the nave was preceded by a four-sided tower. The corners of the nave and the presbytery are reinforced with buttresses made of granite blocks. In the southern wall of the nave there is a pointed main portal from the 13th century. On its both sides there are two Romanesque stone lions from the 12th century, most probably from the Augustinian abbey in Ślęża.
   The interior of the nave was covered with a wooden ceiling, and the chancel has a cross-rib vault, flowing down the shafts, equipped with chalice capitals and flat bases. In the western part of the nave, the corbels of the gallery have survived, which originally existed here.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Sztuka polska przedromańska i romańska do schyłku XIII wieku, red. M. Walicki, Warszawa 1971.
Świechowski Z., Architektura na Śląsku do połowy XIII wieku, Warszawa 1955.

Website zabytek.pl, Kościół parafialny pw. św. Stanisława Biskupa i Męczennika Stary Zamek.