Środa Śląska – St Andrew’s Church

History

   St. Andrew’s church was built in the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries in the romanesque style. It burned down in 1248 during the fighting between the sons of Henry the Pious. At the end of the 13th century, the church’s main nave was rebuilt. In the years 1378-1388 the builder Simon erect a new chancel. Fourteen years after the reconstruction, the bell tower was completed. In 1623 the roof and vaults of the temple were destroyed, which were restored in 1645. In 1670 the building was completely rebuilt, while the western part was added around 1830.

Architecture

   The original church from the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries was an orientated, brick basilica with three naves, closed from the east with three apses and covered with a timber ceiling. The width of its central nave was 8.8 meters, the width of side aisles was 3.8 meters, and the length of the nave was 26.3 meters.
   During the 14th century reconstruction a temple on a rectangular plan was built with a separate narrower chancel with polygonal ending. The three-span chancel is covered with a net vault, while the aisles and six-span nave is covered with a rib vault. Next to the church is a gothic, freestanding, four-sided belfry from the end of the 14th century.

Current state

    From the original building from the 13th century, the perimeter walls of the nave have survived without the west facade and the eastern closure. Architectural details include profiled pilaster strips, a fragment of the pedestal by the north aisle, traces of bricked window frames in the central nave, and parts of the arcaded frieze from the north and south with a roller cornice running above. The gothic chancel and the free-standing tower have survived in good condition.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.
Świechowski Z., Architektura na Śląsku do połowy XIII wieku, Warszawa 1955.