Środa Śląska – St Andrew’s church

History

St. Andrew’s church was built in the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries in the romanesque style. It burned down in 1248 during the fighting between the sons of Henry the Pious. At the end of the 13th century, the church’s main nave was rebuilt. In the years 1378-1388 the builder Simon erect a new chancel. Fourteen years after the reconstruction, the bell tower was completed. In 1623 the roof and vaults of the temple were destroyed, which were restored in 1645. In 1670 the building was completely rebuilt, while the western part was added around 1830.

Architecture

The original church from the turn of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries was an orientated, brick basilica with three naves, ended on the eastern side by three apses and covered with a timber ceiling. During the 14th century reconstruction a temple on a rectangular plan was built with a separate narrower chancel with polygonal ending. The three-span chancel is covered with a net vault, while the aisles and six-span nave is covered with a rib vault. Next to the church is a gothic, freestanding, four-sided belfry from the end of the 14th century.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.