Środa Śląska – church of the Exaltation of the Cross

History

The first mention of 1310 is of the existence of the Franciscan church. The construction of the present gothic church was started in 1378 under the direction of mason master Simon and completed in the first half of the fifteenth century. At the beginning of the 16th century, with the spread of the Reformation in Silesia, the Franciscans left Środa. In the years 1620-1675 the church was partially rebuilt for the needs of Protestants. In 1902, the chancel of the church was demolished and in 1933-1935 its restaurant was done. At that time, an ugly tower and a neo-gothic end from the east were added.

Architecture

The church is a gothic building, built of brick. It consists of a three-nave, four-span, hall corpus, ending in a semicircular apse at the place of the demolished chancel. Five-sided chapel is addedt to the nave from the north. The outside of the church is covered with sloping buttresses, between which there are lancet windows. The nave and the chapel are covered by gable roofs. The interiors of the church are covered with rib vaults, and over the aisles the matronea rises. Also two gothic, pointed portals have been preserved.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.