Sandomierz – town hall

History

Brick building of the town hall was erected in Sandomierz after the Lithuanian invasion in 1349, which destroyed the town and the earlier timber building. In the period of prosperity and peace, the town hall was rebuilt in the renaissance form. As a result of the town hall fire in 1623, the tower collapsed, but in the coming years it has been rebuilt. The town hall suffered again during the Swedish wars, as a result of the great fire of the town, triggered by an explosion on the Sandomierz Castle. The ruined city raised the town hall from ruins only after about half a century. In another big fire of the town in 1757, the roofs, floors and the stalls next to the town hall burned. At the same time, however, in 1759 king August III issued a document prohibiting the construction of stalls on parcels next to the town hall. Over the next few decades, the state of the town hall had deteriorated and its condition was so bad that it was proposed to demolish it. Fortunately, a general renovation was carried out in 1873, continued in 1905.

Architecture

The original gothic town hall was a square building with a high octagonal tower. This is the southern part of the today building. After 1511 it was expanded into an elongated rectangle and topped with an attic. In the corners of the lower zone, four heads are said to symbolize the four states: the clergy, the knights, the townspeople, and the peasantry. Adjacent to the north-east corner of the building is a massive buttress, which houses the former latrine.

Current state

Today the characteristic figure of the town hall is the most recognizable symbol of Sandomierz. It has survived in the form received during the renaissance reconstruction. Nowadays, the town hall building has many functions. The ground floor is designed for museum purposes, on the floor there are representative rooms of the municipal authorities of Sandomierz, and in the basement there is a club with a cafeteria.

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bibliography:
Adamczyk-Bomersbach T., Polskie ratusze średniowieczne, “Zeszyty naukowe Politechniki Śląskiej 1997, nr 36, s.77-94.
Website zabytek.pl, Ratusz Sandomierz.