Puck – Teutonic Castle

History

The castellan hillfort in Puck after the capture by the Teutonic Knights in 1309, became the seat of the teutonic fishing office. In 1348, the town was erected, and by the eighties of the 14th century, castle was erected in the northwest part of the defensive walls of Puck (Putzig). During the Thirteen Years War, in 1464, it was captured by the Poles and after the Second Peace of Toruń, castle and Eastern Pomerania passed under the control of the Polish kings as the seat of the starosts. In 1491, it was put in a pledge to Gdańsk, whose property was until 1545. In the sixteenth century, numerous transformations took place on the initiative of the Wejher family of Puck starosts. After a temporary seizure by the Swedes in the years 1626-1627, castle and the city were fortified with early modern earth fortifications. During the Deluge in 1655 the castle was besieged by the Swedes, but was defended by the help of the Gdańsk army. In the 18th century the castle collapsed, and after the first partition of Poland was demolished.

Architecture

The castle in Puck was composed of an irregular quadrilateral wall of about 75×100 meters and a main house. The building was one storey, with basement, with kitchen and chapel and attic serving as a grain store. The others buildings were probably wooden, as were the buildings on the outer bailey, within which the mill stood and the stream of Młynówka flowed. In the 16th century a second castle’s house and new economic buildings were erected.

Current state

The castle has not survived to modern times. During the archaeological work, only a full outline of foundations with partially preserved gothic cellars was revealed.

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bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.