Prandocin – St John the Baptist’s Church


   The church in Prandocin was erected in the first quarter of the twelfth century, and its founder was probably the protoplast of the Odrowąż family, komes Prandota the Old. The earliest mention of the source dates back to 1222 and is about the transfer of the right of patronage over the church to the Cistercian monastery in Mogiła by the bishop of Cracow. In the fifteenth century a reconstruction was made, which resulted in the demolition of the presbytery apse, and a new choir was erected from the demolished material. The church was rebuilt in the 17th and 18th centuries. The vestry and the western porch were added.


   The church was built as a one-nave building with a very short and narrow chancel, ending with the apse. The second apse closes the church from the west and above it stood a tower. The apse opened up on the nave with a matroneum, supported on two arcades resting on the center column.
   Since the fifteenth century the chancel was finished with a straight wall and cornered with buttresses. Outside the walls are preserve the original divisions of lesenes and arcade frieze circulating the nave and western apse.
   The distinctive feature of romanesque building was the excellent quality of the stonework, the ornamental details and the rich spatial program: two-choir layout, western matroneum, tower. The portal has traces of the original polychromes in red, blue and green. This testifies to the blazonry of the romanesque architecture in its original appearance.

Current state

    From the original romanesque building, the nave has survived to this day with a two-level western apse and a tower devoid of the upper storey, but the nave’s windows being transformed in the early modern period. Of the gallery, in the western part of the nave, traces in the form of remains of wall semi-columns and a column have been preserved, on which arcades rested, now standing near the church at the cemetery wall.

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Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Sztuka polska przedromańska i romańska do schyłku XIII wieku, red. M. Walicki, Warszawa 1971.
Tomaszewski A., Romańskie kościoły z emporami zachodnimi na obszarze Polski, Czech i Węgier, Wrocław 1974.
Świechowski Z., Sztuka romańska w Polsce, Warszawa 1990.

Website, Prandocin, kościół św. Jana Chrzciciela.