Pobiedziska – St Michael’s Church

History

   The church was built at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries. Its type belonged to the simplest and most common in the Middle Ages, it was characteristic for regions where the tradition of monumental brick construction was just beginning. It was a modest building, but of considerable size. At the time of its erection, there were few buildings of this type in Greater Poland, only a few monastery temples and the cathedrals, and the parish church in Kalisz. Although Pobiedziska was a medium-sized settlement, it enjoyed princely protection, Przemysł I, his brother Bolesław and son Przemysł II often stayed here. The town also lay on an important trade route from Poznań through Gniezno to Bydgoszcz and Toruń.
   In 1331 the church was burned down by the Teutonic Knights, but it was soon rebuilt. At the end of the 16th century, it was again damaged by fire during the great fire of the town, and then rebuilt in 1579-1598. The ridge turret at the top of the west facade comes from this period.

Architecture

   The church was built on the square just behind the north-east corner of the market square, in the oldest parts of the brick walls arranged in the monk bond. It received a single nave on a rectangular plan with a slightly lower and narrower chancel of a square layout. Before the mid-fourteenth century, it was slightly extended westwards and equipped with a once-storey sacristy located on the north side (with walls arranged in the Gothic bond). The church’s windows were pierced in perfectly flat walls, free of pilaster strips and buttresses. Ogival crowned were both the southern entrance portal with a simple, stepped profiling, and the chancel arcade. The top of the facade was crowned with a ridge turret from the end of the 16th century. The interior of the nave was covered with a flat wooden ceiling, and judging by the position of the portal on the axis of symmetry of the nave, it was never foreseen to establish a vault.

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bibliography:
Kowalski Z., Gotyk wielkopolski. Architektura sakralna XIII-XVI wieku, Poznań 2010.

Website muzeum.pobiedziska.pl, Kościół pw. św Michała Archanioła.