Piotrawin – church of St Stanislaus and St Thomas

History

   The church together with the chapel standing next to the temple, founded in 1440 – 1441 bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki, as a votive thanksgiving for the bishopric of Cracow. Piotrawin was also known from the Middle Ages as a pilgrimage center associated with the miracle of the resurrection of the knight Peter Strzemieńczyk, which in 1079 St. Stanisław was to make here. The church was renovated several times, among others in the nineteenth century and after the Second World War. In 1869 the sacristy was added to the chancel from the south and the porch from the west. Fortunately, they are both harmonized with the style of the church. The temple and interior were not changed much.

Architecture

   The church was built of Gothic bricks arranged in the Flemish layout, with the use of a zendrówka bricks. Like most medieval buildings, it was orientated towards the sides of the world with the chancel facing east. Originally, it consisted of an aisleless rectangular nave, narrower and lower chancel, with a three-sided closure, and a sacristy on the north side.
   All the church façades, except for the sacristy, were surrounded with two and three-step buttresses in order to be placed inside the vaults. In addition, there are moulded cornices and friezes around the façades on three levels, and there are also holes of scaffolding beams (putlog holes). In the nave of the church, the western façade attracted attention. It was topped with a pinnacle, triangular gable, fragmented with brick tracery, between which slender, two-step, plastered blind niches with pointed arches were inserted. The window openings received ogival forms. They illuminated the three-bay nave and the two-bay chancel. The nave and the presbytery were covered with cross-rib vaults with a net arrangement, fastened in the middle of two rows of bay by bosses with the Dębno coats of arms.
   Next to the church, a chapel was erected around the mid-15th century. It was built as a Gothic, brick building with a Flemish layout on a rectangular plan, orientated. Outside, its corners are framed by double-step buttresses. The vault in the chapel received a cross-rib form with a boss of the Dębno coat of arms.

Current state

   Church of St. Stanislaus and St. Thomas  has preserved its original shape and many medieval architectural details to this day. It is partially covered with an early modern porch and a new sacristy, but fortunately both are harmonized with the style of the church.

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bibliography:
Grzybkowski A., Gotycka architektura murowana w Polsce, Warszawa 2016.
Website lubelskieklimaty.pl, Piotrawin kościół św. Tomasza i św. Stanisława BM.