Oświęcim – Our Lady church

History

   The church was built in the first half of the 14th century for Dominicans, brought here probably by the duke of Cieszyn, Mieszko. The construction of the monastery was continued by the duke of Oświęcim Władysław and his wife Euphrosyne. In the years 1608-1610, the church was rebuilt in the renaissance style. After the liquidation of the monastery by the emperor Joseph II in the first quarter of the nineteenth century, it was turned into a warehouse. The building fell into disrepair and was completely ruined.
  
In 1895, during the procession on the occasion of the Corpus Christi, the Holy Mother “appeared” on the ruins of the church, which became an impulse to recover and rebuild the church by the Catholic community of the city. It has been restored by the Salesians. During the reconstruction, the chancel was changed into a nave because of the new entrance. From the west in the 1980s, a new nave of the same height was added, partly reminiscent of the old part of the church. It differs in a brighter brick color from the older, historic part of the church.

Architecture

   The church is made of brick, composed of an elongated, three-span presbytery enclosed by a straight wall and a wider, four-span nave. The church outside is buttressed, in the presbytery of two-stepped, and in the nave three-stepped buttresses. The walls of the presbytery between the buttresses are segmented by a pairs of pointed windows with reconstructed stone traceries. The nave has large pointed, three-part windows. The church is covered with gable roofs. Inside, the presbytery is separated by a pointed chancel arch and covered by a reconstructed rib vault.

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bibliography:
Krasnowolski B., Leksykon zabytków architektury Małopolski, Warszawa 2013.
Website wikipedia.org, Kościół Matki Bożej Wspomożenia Wiernych w Oświęcimiu.