Odrzykoń – castle Kamieniec

History

The foundation of the Kamieniec castle is not explained. It is only known that in the 14th century it was a royal property. Before 1402 received it Crown Chancellor Klemens from Moskorzewo for his services in defense of Vilnius. Later, the castle was inherited by his descendants, the Pilawits family, who took over the name Kamieniec. In 1530, the middle castle passed into the possession of Boner and later the Firlej family. On the other hand, the Sienieńscy, Stadniccy and Skotniccy were successively occupied the upper castle and outer bailey. At the beginning of the 17th century, Jan Skotnicki renovated the castle, but in revenge for teasing his neighbors, he rebuilt the roof in such a way that it poured the rainwater to the Firlejs to their courtyard. It was the reason for the long dispute between Skotnicki and Firlej. The end of their long-standing conflicts, it only placed a marriage concluded in 1638 by the voivode Mikołaj Firlej with the castellan Zofia Skotnicka. In 1657, the castle was conquered and destroyed by the army of George II Rákóczi. It was later partially rebuilt, but eventually in the eighteenth century fell into disrepair.

Architecture

The stronghold consisted of a upper castle on the plan of an irregular pentagon, situated on the highest rock promontory. The entrance led through the pointed portal in north-east section of the perimeter wall. The living areas occupied the western part. The middle castle was adjacent to the east, which polygonal projection was adapted to the terrain configuration. In addition, it was protected from the entry side by the moat. At the end of the 15th century, two parts of the lower castle were formed, adjacent to the east and west. On the western side there was the so-called Odrzykoń outer bailey within which there was a well. It was flanked by a four-sided, several-story tower. The entrance led through the gate in the southern section of the wall. The eastern part of the castle, known as Korczyń outer bailey, consisted of a brick circuit and a house strengthened by buttresses along the entire northern curtain. The entrance led through the gate in the northern part of the eastern wall.

Current state

Fragments of the upper and middle castle walls and part of the perimeter walls have survived to this day. The eastern part is better preserved and there is a small museum decorated by the enthusiast of the castle and collector Andrzej Kołder. Among the exhibits are militaria from the former arsenal of the castle and souvenirs of subsequent owners.

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bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.