Nowe – teutonic castle

History

Teutonic Knights began to build the castle Neuenburg in Nowe in 1350. The work lasted until about 1404. A clerk subordinate to the vogt in Tczew resided there. From 1465, it was the seat of the starosts of Polish kings. It was heavily devastated in the 17th century during the wars with Sweden. After the First Partition of Poland in 1772, Nowe was under Prussian rule, and the castle at the end of the 18th century was largely demolished by the authorities. The preserved main wing was transformed into an evangelical church, then it was a warehouse and a fire-station.

Architecture

The former castle’s main house was located in the north-east the corner of the town and was connected with the town fortifications. It is a brick, three-story building with the dimensions of 12,3×39 meters and a height of 9 meters. In the vaulted ground floors there were utility rooms, and under them cellars. On the first floor, there was a pfleger’s lodging room, a refectory and a guest room. The chambers were covered with wooden ceilings and decorated in the fifteenth century with paintings. Above them was a granary storey, equipped with a defensive porch. The façade from the courtyard side was provided with timber cloisters. The second, lower wing, probably economic, was attached to the main house from the north. From the west, there was a courtyard, surrounded by a wall with a gate leading to the town.

Current state

The only preserved element is the castle’s main house. It currently houses the seat of the “Zamek” Cultural Center.

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bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.