Nowe – Teutonic Castle

History

   Teutonic Knights began to build the castle Neuenburg in Nowe in 1350. The work lasted until about 1404. A clerk subordinate to the vogt in Tczew resided there. From 1465, Nowe was the seat of starosts of the Polish kings, but the capture of the castle probably did not cause its major transformations. The castle was devastated only in the 17th century during the wars with Sweden. After the first partition of Poland in 1772, Nowe came under Prussian rule, and the castle was largely demolished by the authorities at the end of the 18th century. The preserved main building was transformed into a Protestant church, which was why it was thoroughly rebuilt in the years 1787 – 1789. Among others, all partitions, vaults and ceilings were demolished, and large window openings were pierced in the walls. Later, the building was a warehouse and a firehouse, in 1905 it was even threatened with demolition.

Architecture

   The former castle’s main house was located in the north-east the corner of the town and was connected with the town fortifications. It is a brick, three-story building with the dimensions of 12,3×39 meters and a height of 9 meters. In the vaulted ground floors there were utility rooms, and under them cellars. On the first floor, there was a pfleger’s lodging room, a refectory and a guest room. These chambers were covered with wooden ceilings, and the refectory, serving as the main representative room, was decorated with paintings in 1404. Above them was a granary storey, equipped with a defensive porch. The façade from the courtyard side was provided with timber cloisters.
   The second, lower wing, probably economic, was attached to the main house from the north at right angle. From the west, there was a courtyard, surrounded by a wall with a gate leading to the town.

Current state

   The only preserved element of the castle is the rebuit former main house. It currently houses the seat of the “Zamek” Cultural Center.

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bibliography:
Dzieje Świecia nad Wisłą i jego regionu, red. K.Jasiński, t. 2, Warszawa 1980.
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, red. L.Kajzer, Warszawa 2003.