Myślibórz – Dominican Monastery

History

   The church together with the monastery was built in the second half of the 13th century and served as a court temple of often staying in Myślibórz, the margrave Albrecht III. In 1433, the Hussites completely destroyed the church, however, it was rebuilt in a few dozen years, because in 1470 a congress of Neumark states took place there.
  
The monastery was closed with the introduction of the Reformation by margrave Jan of Kostrzyn. According to the chronicles, the convent was finally closed in 1547. In the years 1539-1593, the church served as the lutheran parish church because of the destruction of the collegiate church, caused by the fire.
  
In 1635, the vaults of three eastern bays of the church collapsed. The bays were no longer rebuilt, but the church was shortened by about 20 meters. In 1717, the tower collapsed, destroying the vaults of the western bays of the temple. The reconstruction was carried out in the years 1734-38, when the vaults were replaced with ceilings. In the nineteenth century, only four nave’s bays served the sacred functions. The remaining part was used as a barracks and a granary. In the years 1927-28 a general renovation of the building was carried out, adapting it to the fulfillment of secular functions.

Architecture

   The convent had the form of a quadrangle with three wings of the monastery and a church. The temple is a brick building, orientated, aisleless, originally eight-bay, ended polygonally from the east. The entrance from the north is a two-door portal from around 1300. It was built from ceramic segments, 40 cm high, consisting of sophisticated profiled jambs and archivolts, as if passing under the capitals zone, decorated with naturalistically sculpted vegetation. The interior of the church was originally covered with a rib vault.
   The west wing of the enclosure buildings in the ground floor in the northern part (bordering the church) had a three-bay hall covered with a cross-rib vault. In the southern part, separated by an unknown room, there were two rooms: one covered with a diamond vault, the other with a palm vault supported by one pillar. It is assumed that these rooms could have been a refectory or kitchen. The upper floor was intended for the purpose of the monks.

Current state

   To this day, the monastery church has been partially preserved, without a chancel, but with a half-timbered tower from 1738 in the western part. The west wing of the monastery complex also survived with two rooms covered with diamond vaults and palm vaults and rib vault above the hallwayIn the ground floor of the southern façade there are partially transformed ogival arcades of windows. The Myślibórz Cultural Center and the Municipal and Poviat Library have their seats in monastery buildings.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Architektura średniowieczna Pomorza Zachodniego, Poznań 2019.
Pilch J., Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Website wikipedia.org, Klasztor Dominikanów w Myśliborzu.