Malbork – St John’s church

History

The first church in Malbork was founded in the 13th century. It survived until the Thirteen Years War, when in the years 1457-60 it was destroyed during the siege of the castle and the city. Work on the construction of the present temple began in 1467 and lasted until 1523. After a fire in 1668, it was shortened by one span. Significant destruction hit the church in 1945 when the city was captured by the Soviet army.

Architecture

The church is a late-gothic hall, built of brick with three naves of equal heights and five spans. A square tower with a porch in the ground floor is added to the southern aisle. The tower in the upper part is wooden. The eastern elevation of the church is enclosed by octagonal turrets and divided by blendes. The whole is covered by flattened gable roofs. The interior was covered with net vaults, except of the two eastern spans of the southern aisle covered with diamond vaults. The church’s furnishings include a gothic baptismal font from the 14th century, a stone figure of St. Elisabeth from around 1410, and a gothic crucifix from the 15th century.

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bibliography:
Architektura gotycka w Polsce, red. T. Mroczko i M. Arszyński, Warszawa 1995.
Website zabytkowekoscioly.net, Malbork, kościół św. Jana Chrzciciela.