The inhabitants of Lubsko (Sommerfeld) obtained the first town privilege around 1220 and probably soon after they made the effort to erect the first wood and earth fortifications, consisting of ramparts, palisades, moat and timber gates. They were recorded by the privilege from 1283. At the end of the 13th century or the beginning of the 14th century, the reconstruction of the timber palisade into a stone, reinforced with towers wall began. In the fifteenth century, the fortifications were modernized in connection with the development of firearms, especially the town gates received additional protection. From the 17th century, fortifications began to lose their importance and gradually fell into neglect. In 1838, their demolition began, three years later the gates slighted. In the 1920s, a tenement house was added to the preserved tower of the Żarska Gate and its renovation was carried out.
Lubsko was founded on the Lubsza River, with two canals surrounding the town from the north and south. The perimeter of the fortifications was erected on a plan similar to an oval. A castle located in the north-west part of the circuit was linked with the town’s fortifications.
The stone walls were reinforced by sixteen, unevenly spaced half towers. They were most densely located on the west and north-eastern sides, i.e. in the directions that were considered the most endangered and the least protected by the natural conditions of the area.
Two gates led to the Lubsko: Gubińska Gate from the north-east and Żarska from the south-west, as well as two posterns. The main gates were placed in the gatehouses, and in the 15th century, the Żarska Gate was additionally strengthened by placing a cylindrical, seven-storey, brick tower next to it.
At present, the only surviving fragment of Lubsko’s fortifications is the tower of Żarska Gate, located in the south-western edge of the Old Town, at Mikołaja Kopernika 19 street.
Kowalski S., Zabytki architektury województwa lubuskiego, Zielona Góra 2010.
Pilch J., Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.
Przyłęcki M., Miejskie fortyfikacje średniowieczne na Dolnym Śląsku. Ochrona, konserwacja i ekspozycja 1850 – 1980, Warszawa 1987.