Lubsko – church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

The first church in Lubsko was probably founded in the 12th century, although the earliest mention of the temple dates back to 1315. This document speaks of funding the church in 1289, but it may have been its first major expansion. In 1496, as a result of a great fire in the town, the church was seriously damaged. The roof and interior burned down, only the walls survived. The rebuilding lasted twenty years, and as a result, the temple was enlarged and decorated with new vaults. After the fire in 1597, the tower was crowned with a renaissance attic, and after 1615 the sacristy was added to the chancel. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the building underwent numerous renovations. From 1526 to 1945 it belonged to the Protestants.

Architecture

The church from the thirteenth century was a three-nave building on a rectangular plan with a narrower, rectangular chancel on the eastern side and a four-sided tower built into the interior, from the west. The outer walls received high, two-light windows, and the presbytery was additionally reinforced with buttresses. During the reconstruction of the fifteenth / sixteenth century, the tower and the western part of the church were left, and the entire eastern part was enlarged, obtaining a hall structure without an externally separated presbytery. The nave received a width of 10.7 meters, while the side aisles only 1.9 and 2 meters, which was a significant difference in width. The main elements of the church’s external architecture also derive from this reconstruction, among others the rich gable of the eastern façade, stepped, decorated with rectangular, cross-divided blendes and topped with pinnacles. Inside, the church received beautiful net vaults in the central nave and net-stellar vaults in the aisles.

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bibliography:
Kowalski S., Zabytki architektury województwa lubuskiego, Zielona Góra 2010.
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.