Lubin – city defensive walls

History

   Lubin was mentioned in historical sources in 1267, as a market settlement belonging to the Trzebnica monastery. Town rights was granted to it at the end of the 13th or early 14th century. The town quickly developed, especially during the reign of the prince of Legnica and Brzeg, Louis I. During his rule it was decided to strengthen the defense of Lubin. The brick town walls were built in the years 1348 – 1358. In the 15th and 16th centuries, when the use of firearms in siege operations became widespread, there was a need to modernize and extend the existing fortifications. At that time, the upper storeys of the towers were equipped with artillery posts. Lubin became one of the better fortified cities in Silesia and thanks to this it successfully resisted the two Hussite invasions in 1428 and 1431.

Architecture

   The height of the defensive walls was about 4,5 meters, and the thickness from 1,5 in the top part to over 2 meters in the ground level. The ground floor part was made of field stone, while the upper parts were made of gothic brick. Originally, the culmination of the walls was a battlement. The defense functions of the walls were strengthened by 15 closed and open rectangular towers, spaced every 40-50 meters.
   The entrance to the town was guarded by three gates: Głogów Gate, Ścinawa Gate and Legnica Gate, also called Wrocław Gate.
The most fortified was Głogów Gate with the gate tower preserved to this day. This gate had double walls and a foregate with a triple moat. The other gates also had double walls and foregates, but only a double moat. At the end of the fourteenth century, in the southern part of the walls a pedestrian wicket gate was pierced, which led from the church square to the cemetery moved beyond the walls. It was also secured by a small foregate. Additional defensive reinforcement of the wicket gate was the square tower located next to it, built in the end of the fifteenth century and transformed into a high belfry, with which it was connected with a suspended brick porch.

Current state

   Up to now, the defensive walls have been preserved on a significant section of the perimeter of the old town, including two towers in the southern section and 4 towers in the northern section of the wall. In addition, you can admire the Głogów Tower from the mid-fourteenth century and the tower at the parish church, built in the end of the fifteenth century and transformed into a belfry.

show Głogów Tower on map

show belfry/fortified tower on map

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bibliography:
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.
Przyłęcki M., Mury obronne miast Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław 1970.

Website wikipedia.org, Mury miejskie w Lubinie.