Lubań in the early Middle Ages was a Slavic settlement located on the trade route at the ferry across the Kwisa River, at the intersection of roads leading from Silesia to the Bohemia, Lusatia and Meissen. The town was located under the Magdeburg Law before 1268, which initiated the intensive development of Lubań, especially under the rule of the prince of Jawor, Henry I. He initiated the construction of brick fortifications in the second decade of the 14th century. It is difficult to determine exactly when the second ring of fortifications was erected. This could happen both in the fourteenth century and in the first half of the next century.
In the 19th century, medieval fortifications and narrow entrances became an obstacle of the spatial development of the city. In 1832, the fortifications of Mikołajska Gate were pulled down, and four years later the barbican of Bracka Gate was removed. At the end of the 1850s, the fortifications of the Nowogrodziec Gate were demolished. Then, walls, towers and bastions were demolished.
In Lubań, significant fragments of defensive walls from the north-west, three towers and the Tower of Bracka have survived to this day. The tower is open to visitors from Tuesday to Sunday.
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.
Przyłęcki M., Mury obronne miast Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław 1970.
Website luban.pl, Mury obronne.