Legnica – city defensive walls

History

Located at the crossing through Kaczawa river, at the intersection of medieval trade routes, Legnica received in the years 1281-1326 the first outline of the town defensive walls. The great fire in 1338 destroyed almost the entire city. In the second quarter of the 14th century, the urban area was increased and at the same time it was strengthened with the second belt of fortifications. In subsequent centuries from the fifteenth to the seventeenth, subsequent extensions and modernizations of the fortifications were made. Among others earth bastions were introduced. In the half of the 18th century the gradual dismantling of fortifications began. Initially, the external fortifications were pulled down, in place of which townpeople created gardens. After 1860, the fortifications were dismantled almost completely. Only Głogów and Chojnów Gates and fragments of walls have survived.

Architecture

The town walls were built of brick and reinforced by 26 towers. The whole fortifications were connected in the northern part with the castle walls. Four gates led to the city: Złotoryja Gate from the south, Chojnów Gate from the west, Głogów  Gate from the north and Wrocław Gate from the north – east. There were also two wicket gates: Tumska (Knights) and New Gate.

Current state

To this day, the gates of Głogów and Chojnowska, small fragments of the walls at the Chojnowska Gate and the low tower at the corner of Warzywna and Piastowska streets have been preserved.

show Głogów Gate on map

show Chojnów Gate on map

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bibliography:
Przyłęcki M., Mury obronne miast Dolnego Śląska, Wrocław 1970.