Koszalin – Executioner’s House

History

   The Koszalin Gothic building called the Executioner’s House was built in the second half of the 15th century. The entrance to the house was from the outside of the city walls, which was dictated by the fact that although the townspeople considered the position of executioner necessary, they considered it repulsive, and the executioner himself was unworthy of any civil functions. The position of the executioner in medieval Koszalin probably functioned since 1464. Executions were carried out on the so-called Hangman’s Mountain and on the town square, then the gallows were moved to Rolników Street, located right next to the town walls. The last time the executioner fulfilled his duty to the city in 1893.

Architecture

   The late Gothic building was built of bricks on a trapezoidal plan, which was dictated by the course of the city walls. Part of the tower existing here was used for its construction. It is a two-story building, covered with a gable roof. Currently, in the center of the symmetrical facade there is a pointed main entrance, while on the sides there are high blendes and semicircular windows. On the first floor there are rectangular windows and two middle ones in the shape of narrow slits. The façade of the building is partially plastered. Inside, on the axis, the original passage hall has been preserved, the rooms were covered with beam ceilings.

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bibliography:
Pilch J., Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Webpage encyklopedia.szczecin.pl, Dom kata (Koszalin).