Koszalin – executioner’s house

History

The executioner’s house is currently the oldest gothic tenement house in Koszalin built in the second half of the 15th century. It was built on a trapezium plan, which was dictated by the course of the city walls. Part of the watchtower existing here, was used for the construction. The entrance to the house was from the outside of the city walls, which was dictated by the fact that the townspeople considered the hangman’s position necessary, but at the same time regarded him as disgusting, and the executioner himself as unworthy of performing any civic functions. The position of hangman in medieval Koszalin probably functioned from 1464. Executions were carried out on the so-called Wisielce Hill and the town square, then the gallows were moved to the Rolników Street, locating near the city walls. The last time the executioner met his duty to the city in 1893.

Architecture

The late-gothic building was erected from brick on the square plan. It is two-storey, covered with a gable roof. Currently in the center of the symmetrical façade there is an pointed main entrance, on the sides there are high blendes and semicircular windows. On the first floor there are rectangular windows and two central ones in the shape of narrow gaps. The building façade is partially plastered. Inside, on the axis, the original entry hall has been preserved, the rooms were covered with beam ceilings.

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bibliography:
Pilch.J, Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Webpage encyklopedia.szczecin.pl, Dom kata (Koszalin).