Kościelec Kolski – St Andrew’s Church

History

   The romanesque church of St. Andrew in Kościelec Kolski was built in the 12th century, it could have happened in the first or second half of this century. The founder was probably the ruler, perhaps Bolesław III Krzywousty or one of his two sons: Mieszko or Bolesław the Curly. Most likely, near Kościelec there was a border between the lands of Mieszko the Old and Bolesław the Curly, designated by Krzywousty’s will. From the end of the 12th century, this area was undoubtedly in the Kuyavian principality, but it is difficult to decide who Kościelec belonged to in the key period, i.e. around the middle of the 12th century.
   In 1600, the sacristy was added from the north to the church. In 1760, the staroste Rafał Gurowski rebuilt the nave towards the west. At that time, an orientated wooden church was built together with a romanesque presbytery. In this condition it survived until 2001 when the wooden part of the church was rebuilt into a hideous, modern shape.

Architecture

   The romanesque church was built of sandstone blocks as an aisleless building, closed with a lower and slightly narrower apse. Two romanesque windows were placed symmetrically in relation to the longitudinal axis of the building. The culmination of each of them is one perfectly worked stone element. In the former nave there are traces of romanesque window openings and a large ogival gothic window. The original entrance to the temple was on the west or north side. From the north, a gothic brick sacristy with a treasury was attached to the nave of the church.
   Inside, in the western part of the nave, there was originally a gallery, probably based on one centrally located column and two square vaulted bays. In the church was used, unheard in the Polish lands in the 12th century, the enter to the gallery from the outside of the temple (from the south), using an added ladder. These types of solutions are known primarily from the Bohemia (e.g. St. Clement’s Church in Stara Boleslav). The second entrance was placed in the thickness of the northern wall through stairs and a narrow passage. Above the apse, a hemispherical vault was used.

show this monument on map

return to alphabetical index

bibliography:
Różański A., Jednoprzestrzenne kościoły romańskie z terenu Wielkopolski, Poznań 2010.
Różański A., Schody do nieba — Kościelec Kolski odkrywany na nowo [w:] Architektura romańska w Polsce, Gniezno 2009.