Kazimierz Biskupi – St Martin’s Church

History

   The romanesque church of St. Martin (originally dedicated to Saint Matthew) dates from the second half of the 12th century. It has undergone many changes for centuries. Around 1512, it was rebuilt in the late gothic style from the foundation of bishop Jan Lubrański. The romanesque nave has been extended westwards, partly of brick, partly with the use of sandstone coming from the demolished facade. Then, from the north, the sacristy and the treasury were added.
   In the following centuries the church suffered fires several times, among others in 1613 and during the Swedish invasion of 1656. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, it was burned by the Swedish army of Charles XII, then rebuilt, burned again in 1792 and enlarged in 1859. Then it obtained a new, ugly west facade and a porch on the south side. In the years 1898-1911 the church underwent further renovations, but during the Second World War after being looted it was used as a grain warehouse. The post-war renovation was carried out in 1988-1989 and 1995.

Architecture

   The church was built on a rectangular plan of granite and sandstone. From the romanesque period, the apse, walls of the chancel and the lower parts of the nave walls have been preserved. From the south you can see a walled romanesque portal. The remains of walled, pointed windows and medieval house marks are preserved on the buttressed walls.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Maluśkiewicz P., Gotyckie kościoły w Wielkopolsce, Poznań 2008.

Webpage zabytek.pl, Kościół katolicki pw. św. Marcina Biskupa Kazimierz Biskupi.