Jawor – St Martin’s church

History

   Gothic church of St Martin in Jawor was erected in the years 1330-1370. Further work continued in the western part in 1446 and 1573. At the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries, the southern porch was rebuilt. The church was renovated in the 17th century because of the fire it touched in 1648. Subsequent repairs were carried out in 1865-1866 and 1883, and was last repaired in 1962.

Architecture

   The oldest element of the temple is a one-nave and four-span chancel with dimensions 21 meters long and 9 meters wide. The temple is three-nave with all the naves of the same height – 13,7 meters. Each of them is covered with a separate gable roof. The church has one tower from the north, built in 1534-1536. In the past there was also a south tower, but it collapsed in 1533, and was rebuilt only to the height of the church’s top. In 1573, a small tower on the plan of the circle was added from the west. To the north aisle of the church adjoins the chapel of the the Blessed Virgin Mary from the second half of the 15th century and the 14th century sacristy.
   The interiors are covered with rib vaults. The ribs run on wall corbels connected with buttresses. At the intersections of each span there are bosses decorated with sculptural decorations. Vaults are covered with murals depicting plant motifs. In the southern aisle there is a gothic wall painting from the fourteenth / fifteenth century, moreover, the gothic figures of St. Martin from the mid-fourteenth century, the Virgin Mary with a child from the 15th century and a gothic epitaph of the Crucifixion scene from 1362.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.

Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.
Webpage wikipedia.org, Kościół św. Marcina w Jaworze.