Jawor – Bernardine monastery

History

   The Bernardine monastery complex in Jawor consists of a gothic church of Assumption of the Virgin Mary and the convent. The temple was sacrificed in 1489. In the years 1565-1638, the monastery belonged to the town, which arranged in it Protestant school. In 1810, as a result of the cassation of the Order, it became the property of the state. At that time it housed a military arsenal. In the years 1845-1964 it fell into ruin, and then it was handed over to the Regional Museum, which in the period from 1964 to 1986, carried out a general renovation and restoration work.

Architecture

   The monastery church was erected as a gothic building, built of brick and stone. It obtained the form of a three-nave, four-span hall with an extended, polygonal ended chancel. On the north-eastern side of the nave there was added a polygonal tower. The nave was covered with a stellar vault, and the side aisles and chancel with rib vaults. A characteristic feature of the church is the western, triangular gable, decorated with pinnacles and plastered, white blendes. In the interior on the southern wall of the aisle, fragments of wall polychrome from the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries have been preserved.
  
The monastery buildings were placed on the south side of the church, around a square patio, surrounded by cloisters. In the east range, where the refectory was originally located, rib vaults, originally covering also the cloisters, have been preserved. From the eastern range of the monastery towards the town walls, there was an roofed porch from the 16th century, probably a passage to the former latrines.

Current state

   The museum housed in former monastic buildings has rich archaeological, geological, ethnographic, military and old craft collections. In the gothic interiors of the monastery church, we can see sacred art and a series of gothic-renaissance polychromes. In the former monastery courtyard and cloisters there is an exhibition showing the guild craft, with rich collections of locksmiths, convalescrafts, goldsmiths and gingerbreads.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.