Inowłódz – St Giles church

History

The church was erected in the romanesque style at the turn of the 11th / 12th century, probably from the foundation of prince Bolesław Krzywousty. According to the tradition, Saint Giles was to listen to his prayers and contribute through his intercession to the birth of the long-awaited descendant. The church served as a parish until 1520, when a second temple was built in the center of the town. With time, romanesque temple fell into oblivion and its condition was systematically getting worse. At the beginning of the 20th century, the temple was destroyed and its roof was covered with straw. Restaurant work was carried out in the interwar period according to the design of Wilhelm Henneberg. At that time, many foreign elements were introduced to the church’s earlier architecture: the tower was raised one storey, in the nave from the west side, a matroneum was built on the site of the open arcade, and the window was not added to the apse.

Architecture

   The church was erected of not very large blows of red sandstone, of varied sizes with larger blocks in the corners. It was situated on a slight slope of the terrain, right at the rugged southern edge of the plateau, towering over the Pilica valley. Once it was surrounded by a cemetery.
   It consists of a cylindrical, west tower and a aisleless, rectangular nave, finished with an apse to the east. The tower was originally one storey lower, and the apse had a romanesque window. The elevations are divided only by small windows and a portal on the north side with simple
jambs and a smooth tympanum. On the upper part of the walls runs, reconstructed on the basis of found relics, an arcaded frieze.
   Inside the west part of the nave is a reconstructed matroneum, supported on two arcades based on the central pillar. It was accessible by roand, stone stairs in the interior of the tower, which reached only the floor level of the gallery. A characteristic feature was, that the interior of the tower was connected to the gallery, not by a narrow passage, but opened with a wide and high arcade.

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bibliography:
Dzieje budownictwa w Polsce według Oskara Sosnowskiego, t. 1, Świechowski Z., Zachwatowicz J., Warszawa 1964.

Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Tomaszewski A., Romańskie kościoły z emporami zachodnimi na obszarze Polski, Czech i Węgier, Wrocław 1974.