Haczów – church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Haczów was built around 1459, or as other sources say, at the end of the fourteenth century, after confirmation of the location of Haczów by king Władysław Jagiełło. In 1624, the church was renovated and a tower topped with a porch was added, as well as arcades, which housed an additional number of the people. The area was fenced with an earth ramparts, on which a fence was erected. At the end of the 18th century, old arcades were replaced with new ones, and the sacristy was enlarged. In this form, the church has been preserved to this day.

Architecture

It is a wooden, gothic church with a log construction, that is no nail was used for its construction, only wooden latches. It is composed of a square nave and a narrower, rectangular chancel, ended on three sides, to which the sacristy adjoins to the north. A tower with a pole structure and sloping walls, with an overhanging porch is added to the nave from the west, and from the north a chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows. The whole is covered by a high gable roof with a common ridge and with a baroque ridge turret. The whole church is surrounded by wide arcades. From the south to the nave, there is a pointed, gothic portal from the time of construction. The interior was covered with a flat ceiling. On the walls of the nave and chancel there is a unique painting decoration from 1494, which is the largest group of fifteenth-century wall figural paintings in Poland and probably the oldest polychromy of this type in Europe. In addition, the church is equipped with gothic sculptures from the fifteenth century and a stone baptismal font from the sixteenth century.

Current state

The church in Haczów as the oldest, largest and best preserved gothic wooden church in the log structure in Europe, practically unchanged in terms of construction since its building, was in 2003 added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is available to visitors and the congregation every day from 7 to 18.

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bibliography:
Kornecki M., Kościoły drewniane w Małopolsce, Kraków 1999.
Webpage zabytkowekoscioly.net, Haczów, kościół św. Michała Archanioła.