Gubin – St Lawrence’s church

History

   The first mention of the church, which originally had the call of Saint Lawrence, come from 1324. After the destruction caused by the fourteenth-century earthquakes, the building was partially demolished, and in its place the construction of a new gothic church began. The works went on until the 16th century, however, as a result, one of the most impressive churches in Lower Lusatia was created. First, at the beginning of the fourteenth century, the chancel was rebuilt, which was extended to the east and a sacristy was added to it. At the end of the fourteenth century, the population of the town significantly increased, and the existing church has become insufficient for a large congregation. To solve this problem, another reconstruction was started, as a result of which a large three-nave hall was erected. The last reconstruction was carried out in 1508-1560. In 1520, two romanesque towers were demolished, and one large was built in the middle of the west facade. At the end, new pillars were erected in the western part and late gothic vaults were established.
   
The interior of the temple has been rebuilt several times, including in 1594 and 1706 and in the years 1842-1844, however, the basic shape of the building has survived until the 20th century. During World War II, the temple was destroyed and despite the later efforts of the town authorities, after the war it failed to restore its former glory. It was secured as a ruin.

Architecture

   The original church from the 13th century was a romanesque three-nave basilica with two towers on the western side and a narrow chancel ended by a straight wall on the eastern side.
    The gothic church, which construction was begun in the fourteenth century on the site of an earlier temple, is orientated, made of brick, three-nave. The hall, four-span corpus connects to the chancel of the same width, with a polygonal ended ambulatory. The interior is surrounded by a wreath of chapels covered with mono-pitched roofs. A sacristy adjoins the north and a six-storey, topped with an attic tower adjoins from the west. Its façades have been decorated with numerous blendes and have reached a height of 53 meters. The church has an impressive dimensions: 60 meters long and 30 meters wide, and a cubic capacity of 38 thousand m3. The interiors were topped with net and stellar vaults in the naves and presbytery, as well as the rib vault in the sacristy.

Current state

    Up to this day, the perimeter walls of the church have been preserved on their entire height with buttresses, pillars, and moreover, a tower, sacristy with a two-span rib vault, and chapels between buttresses, protected with roofs and covered by stellar and net vaults. In recent years, the building has undergone a partial restaurant, as a result of which, a church tower has been opened to the public.

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bibliography:
Kowalski S., Zabytki architektury województwa lubuskiego, Zielona Góra 2010.
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.
Webpage zabytek.pl, Kościół farny pw. św. Wawrzyńca, następnie pw. św. Trójcy Gubin.