Grywałd – St Martin’s church

History

   The church of St. Martin in Grywałd was erected in the second half of fifteenth century on the site of an earlier temple. Legend has it that even earlier this place was a pagan shrine. The temple was originally under royal patronage, held by successive tenutarians of the Czorsztyn starosty. Before 1618, the church was rebuilt. The changes mainly concerned on the roof structure and ceilings. During this period, the tower was also added, and the interior was covered with polychrome. In 1845, the sacristy and the porch were added. At the beginning of the 20th century, the church was already very neglected, but a thorough renovation was carried out only in 1937. Another major renovation work took place in 2000, the shingle cover was then replaced entirely.

Architecture

   The church has preserved its original gothic character to this day. It is a orientated temple, tripartite, covered with shingles. It consists of a chancel and a nave, as well as a quadrangular tower with a pole construction. The chancel is rectangular ended, which is typical for Podhale region churches. The sacristy from the north is adjacent to the chancel, and porch to the nave from the south, both are early modern elements. The tower and the northern part of the nave are surrounded by timbered arcades. The chancel and the nave are covered with separate gable roofs, while in the roof above the nave there is a small ridge turret. This is probably the effect of remodeling. It is supposed that originally there was a single-ridge roof in typical system for Lesser Poland gothic churches. The tower has an overhang porch and is covered with a steep pyramid roof.
   The interior is covered with flat ceilings, and the nave from the presbytery is separated by a semicircular closed chancel ach. The southern entrance to the church is in the gothic, pointed portal. Similar one also existed in the western entrance, but it was removed by widening the openning.
The interior is covered by a much damaged polychrome, containing figural and ornamental motifs. 
The late gothic triptych from the 16th century belongs to the medieval elements of the church’s furnishings.

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bibliography:
Kornecki M., Gotyckie kościoły drewniane na Podhalu, Kraków 1987.

Krasnowolski B., Leksykon zabytków architektury Małopolski, Warszawa 2013.
Szlak architektury drewnianej. Małopolska, Cisowski B., Duda M., Kraków 2005.
Webpage grywald.podhale.pl, Kościół Św. Marcina.