Gryfino – church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

   The construction of the church began in 1278. Until 1300, the construction of the eastern part, that is the presbytery and transept, was completed. The second stage of construction was probably completed in 1325, the basilica corpus was to be built then and prince Otto I offered the second altar. The third stage of construction took place in the fifteenth century, when the aisles were raised and stellar vaults were established.
   In the 16th century, the temple was taken over by Protestants. In early modern times, the architecture of the temple has not fundamentally changed. A serious restaurant took place in the nineteenth century under the direction of the architect Buchterkirch, known for not very successful regothisations of Pomeranian temples. In 1938, the medieval cone on the tower was changed into a neo-baroque helmet that collide with the gothic architecture.

Architecture

   In the 13th century it was erected the eastern part of the church, chancel and transept. These parts were built of stone blocks with the addition of bricks in architectural details. Until 1325, a basilica corpus was built from brick, with three aisles and a stone in the lower part, western tower. In the fifteenth century, the side aisles were raised to the height of the nave and stellar vaults were established. Until then, the temple was covered with a timber ceiling.
   Eventually, the medieval temple consisted of a rectangular chancel, transepts, a single-span, three-nave, hall structure, a tower added from the west to the naves and sacristy adjacent to the north of the presbytery. The tower was erected on a square plan, it was originally a two-storey building with a porch in the basement, at the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries it was increased by the third and fourth floors with blendes and twin, pointed windows. The elevations of the church are
strengthened with buttresses and topped with triangular gables decorated with ogival blendes. The whole building is covered with gable roofs. In the east wall of the chancel, a large, four-light, ogival window was placed, entering the gable zone, which was added around 1300.

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bibliography:
Architektura gotycka w Polsce, red. T. Mroczko i M. Arszyński, Warszawa 1995.
Pilch.J, Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, 2012.
Webpage zabytkowekoscioly.net, Gryfino, kościół Narodzenia NMP.
Webpage wikipedia.org, Kościół Narodzenia Najświętszej Maryi Panny w Gryfinie.