Grudziądz – St Nicholas church

History

   The construction of the church began in 1286 and continued for a number of years. A chancel was erected in 1310, and the nave and tower were completed in the second half of the 14th century. Probably in the fifteenth century, the nave was raised to the present height and vaulted. From the mid-sixteenth century to the 1598 and again during the Swedish Deluge in 1656-1659, the church belonged to Evangelicals. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries it was rebuilt several times, which contributed to a partial change of its original appearance, however, during the restoration of the nineteenth-century, restored gothic character. During the war in 1945, the church suffered heavy losses: the upper part of the tower collapsed, the roofs burnt, most of the decor was burned. Reconstruction took place in 1946-1949.

Architecture

   Church of St. Nicholas is a gothic building, orientated, made of brick. It is covered with a gable roof and clasped with two and three-curve buttresses. The four-sided, massive tower merged into the church’s corpus, is enclosed by a pyramid roof with a turret. The church tower was covered with terracotta sculptures from the end of the 13th century, probably from the Teutonic castle. The temple consists of a two-span, polygonal ended presbytery, covered with a rib vault and a three-nave, four-span corpus with pointed, inter-nave arcades. The inside of the nave is covered with stellar vaults supported on octagonal pillars. From the north to the presbytery, a gothic sacristy with an buttress was placed. The length of the church is 41 meters, width 21 meters, and the interior height is 16 meters.
   
From the original interior furnishings, it is noteworthy, located in the main nave, granite, decorated with figures of dragons, the goblet of the font from the 12th century. Two granite stoupers from the 13th-14th centuries, located in the north and west porches, also survived. On the inter-nave pillar you can see fragments of polychromy from the end of the 14th century.

show this monument on map

return to alphabetical index

bibliography:
Mroczko T., Architektura gotycka na ziemi chełmińskiej, Warszawa, 1980.
Webpage wikipedia.org, Bazylika św. Mikołaja w Grudziądzu.