Gosławice – St Andrew’s Church

History

   The church is a foundation of the Poznań bishop Andrzej Łaskarz from the first half of the 15th century. After his death in 1436, his nephew, the voivode of Brzeg and Kujawy, Jan Licheński, supervised the construction works, and brought the construction workshop from the area of the Teutonic Order. At that time, a central pillar was installed and vaults were erected.

Architecture

   The church was erected mostly in brick on an octagonal projection with four annexes forming the shape of a cross. Three of the annexes were established on a square plan, and one of them, located on the east, has an elongated form and serves as a chancel. The western and northern annexes were originally two-storey, as evidenced by cylindrical stair towers. The western annex which is kept unchanged, contains the porch and the organ choir. The north housed the sacristy and perhaps the treasury.
   The most important feature of the articulation of the interior of the nave is the application of flat pillars joining the walls with pointed arcades. The palm vault of the nave is based on a slender, octagonal, stone pillar set in the middle of the church. However, the side rooms are vaulted with stellar vaults. On the stone brackets of ribs are placed unique, carved shields of the coat of arms of the members of the Polish delegation to the Council of Constance. The church also has an eight-sided baptismal font from the 15th century, from the secondarily used architectural details of the church.

Current state

   Due to the shape and related ideological content, the temple is one of the most unusual gothic buildings in Poland. It amazes with its delicacy and a kind of palace sumptuousness. The inspiration of its interior can be found in the refectory of the Teutonic castles, and especially the summer refectory at the Malbork Castle.

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bibliography:
Kowalski J., Gotyk Wielkopolski. Architektura sakralna XIII-XVI wieku, Poznań 2010.
Walczak M., Kościoły gotyckie w Polsce, Kraków 2015.