Gościszów – church of Our Lady

History

The parish church of St. Mary and St. John the Baptist, now the Our Lady of Częstochowa, is one of the oldest temples in Silesia. It was built between 1200 and 1250. The romanesque church underwent significant modifications in the 16th and 17th centuries. A tower was added and the chancel was extended, which was initially half as long. During the reconstruction, however, the romanesque ending was preserved, which was dismantled and then assembled after the extension of the walls.

Architecture

The church consists of a rectangular, elongated nave, and a rectangular, narrower chancel with a three-sided end. It was erected from hewn sandstone. Elevations of the apse were distinguished by rich ornaments, in the corners by placing slender columns bearing a decorated cornice. Below is a frieze with plant and zoomorphic motifs. The window openings were transformed in the late gothic and early modern period, with the exception of the western one in the chancel and the eastern one in the nave. The pointed portal in the northern façade comes from the gothic period. The interior of the nave is covered with a ceiling, while the chancel has the original rib vault.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Kościoły romańskie w Polsce, Kraków 2014.
Pilch J, Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.
Sztuka polska przedromańska i romańska do schyłku XIII wieku, red. M. Walicki, Warszawa 1971.