Góra – castle

History

   The castle was built in the southern part of the town at the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries on the initiative of the Cieszyn Piasts, to which the city belonged at that time. In 1375, the townwas divided into two parts between the heirs of Jan of Ścinawa and Václav. The castle was then the common property of a prince and emperor. The next division of the property of the Dukes of Cieszyn took place in 1442, when half of Głogów and Góra fell to Władysław of Cieszyn. The later history of the castle is poorly known, it is only known that in 1491 the owner of the castle and the town was Jan Olbracht, later king of Poland. In 1499, Władysław Jagiellończyk handed over the duchy to the prince Zygmunt Jagiellończyk. In 1508, Zygmunt gave the duchy to Vladislaus II, who incorporated it to the Czech Crown. The building was most probably demolished around 1770.

Architecture

   The castle was included in the town fortifications in the south-western part of the Góra, and its form was based on a plan of a regular quadrilateral. It was probably a two-story and had gable roof. It protruded slightly outside the face of the city walls. In the 17th century, its buildings also included a stable, a mill, an armory and sheds.

Current state

   The object which is today called the castle is actually a tower of defensive walls. In the nineteenth century, the buildings were transformed into a prison, destroying the original interior division. Currently undeveloped and neglected, it can be visited only from outside. The actual castle has not survived to modern times.

show this monument on map

return to alphabetical index

bibliography:
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Nowakowski D., Siedziby książęce i rycerskie księstwa głogowskiego w średniowieczu, Wrocław 2008.