Głubczyce – church of the Nativity the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

    The construction of the church in Głubczyce was begun in the 13th century, and the first mention of it comes from a document from 1259. Construction continued in the fourteenth century, after the takeover of the patronage of the temple by the Knights Hospitaller. They administered the building until 1810, with a break in 1535-1633, when the Głubczyce principality and the parish church were managed by Protestants. The medieval appearance was changed by the reconstruction from 1903-1907. The two-span chancel of the church was pulled down, a transverse nave, that is transept, was added to the corpus, and the previously demolished choir was rebuilt on today’s site, but only with one span.

Architecture

    The church was built of brick on a stone foundation. Originally it was built as a three-nave basilica with a square-shaped corpus, to which a two-span, polygonal chancel adjoined to the east, and a two-tower façade to the west. As early as in the 13th century, the temple from the basilica was transformed into a three-nave hall church with gable roofs above each aisle. The interior of the nave and the presbytery were covered with rib vaults, and the pillars were trimmed with stone capitals with floral decorations from the second quarter of the 14th century. Three ogival, early-gothic entrance portals have been preserved.
   
Next to the church there is a two-span chapel of Saint Fabian and Sebastian from the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries. It is a small aisleless building with buttresses in the corners and around the chancel. The western side is crowned with a gothic gable decorated with blendes and pinnacles, under which an oculus and an ogival entrance portal are placed.

show church of the Nativity on map

show chapel of St. Fabian and Sebastian on map

return to alphabetical index

bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.
Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Górnego Śląska, Warszawa 2008.
Webpage parafia.glubczyce.pl, Historia Parafii.