Głogów – collegiate of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary

History

   Collegiate church in Głogów is one of the oldest temples in Silesia. Archaeological research revealed in its interior remains of stone walls of two small romanesque churches, the construction of which is associated with the reign of Bolesław the Generous and Bolesław the Wrymouth. Around the middle of the 13th century, the collegiate church became a late romanesque three-nave basilica. Its remains can be seen in the church walls until today, among others semicircle of a chancel arch, windows and details in the chancel.
  
In the years 1406-1466, the church was thoroughly rebuilt in the gothic style, giving it a hall-like character. The rows of chapels from the south and north were also added at that time. At the end of the 16th century, the walls of the sacristy and the small choir were reinforced with 7 buttresses. The tower that is visible today was erected in 1838-1842, after collapsing in 1831 the previous one. In 1945, the temple was seriously damaged, and almost all the rich interior furnishings were destroyed or lost.

Architecture

   The church from the fifteenth century was erected in brick gothic style, as a three-nave, hall structure with an extended chancel ended polygonally. The west façade was crowned with a massive, four-sided tower. The church was surrounded by a wreath of votive chapels from the end of the 15th century. At the end of the 16th century, the weak walls of the sacristy and the chapel by the presbytery, were reinforced with great buttresses. In 1466, rib vaults were created in the side aisles and cahncel, while in the central nave the stellar vault supported on octagonal pillars was erected.

Current state

   The collegiate church now has a sacral function, although its renovation after the war damages is still ongoing. Frescoes in side chapels and a vaults are restored. In a specially adapted crypt you can see the relics of a romanesque church from the 12th century.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.

Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.