Gdańsk – St John’s church

History

   Church of St. John comes from the second half of the 14th century. The construction of a three-nave corpus began in 1360, then in the fifteenth century, a single-nave transept and chancel were added. The tower was also started, but the construction was interrupted by the Teutonic Order in 1453, which forbade the construction of tall buildings around the castle. Eventually, the construction of the tower and vaults was completed during the Thirteen Years War. Then the church received the form in which it exists until now.
   
After the return of Gdańsk to Poland in 1466, the temple became a parish church. However, from the mid-sixteenth century it became a lutheran temple. At the place of the altars, a large altar made of gray sandstone with a height of 12 m appeared, dedicated to Saint John the Baptist. The work of Abraham van der Blocke is today a showcase of the church. In 1543 a fire destroyed the church tower, and soon afterwards there was a problem with the stability of the building. Too heavy and having too weak foundations, the temple began to settle unevenly on unstable ground. The too deep burials were also responsible for the problems. The construction was strengthened several times from the end of the 16th century until the eighteenth century.
   
Another fire and destruction brought the Second World War. Renovation work began after the end of warfare, but it was not until the 1990s that the church was again used. Recently, it was adapted to the Saint John Center, a place of artistic and cultural activities. During the restaurant, many brick fragments, internal decorations, tombstones, coins from the Teutonic era, and even gothic polychrome from the 16th century, were found.

Architecture

   Church of St. John is a three-nave, hall temple with a single-nave transept. Each of the three naves of the corpus and the chancel are covered with a separate roof. The length of the church is 55 meters and the width is 20 meters. The four-storey tower has a height of 47 meters. It is decorated with blend assemblies and ornamented friezes, reflecting the several-stage time of its formation.

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bibliography:
Webpage  wikipedia.org, Kościół św. Jana w Gdańsku.