Dzietrzychowice – tower house

History

   The tower in Dzietrzychowice was probably built in the fourteenth century. It was a local defensive point on the route from Żagań castellany to Nowogród. In the documents from 1474, the building is referred to as the “knight’s seat”. Over several centuries, it was rebuilt, however, no source messages regarding these works, have survived. Traces of remodeling can be seen on the facades of the monument. As it appears from iconographic sources, after World War II the building was ruined and devoid of roof. At that time, the 18th century annexes at the tower were demolished.

Architecture

   The tower was created on a plan similar to a square with dimensions 7.6 x 8.7 meters, on a small hill near the pond in the western part of the village. It was built of erratic stones, bricks and turf ore bonded with lime mortar. Thick, about a meter long walls indicate the defensive character of the building. The three-storey tower is covered with a steep hip roof. The elevations have irregularly spaced window openings. Originally it were small gothic windows, the current large openings have traces of numerous rebuildings. It were placed from the inside in deep, wide recesses. The ground floor and the first floor were lit only by small slit windows, so that only on the third floor you can guess the living and representative rooms. In the west, front facade there are pointed entrance portals to the ground level and cellar. In the western wall there was a outer latrine.
  
The interior was divided by timber ceilings into storeys of various heights. Communication between them was done with a ladder stairs. It has a single-space, vaulted cellar with a recess for the candle at the entrance. According to legend, this room supposed to have a secret entrance, leading under the pond, towards the monastery farm.

Current state

   Currently, the tower is privately owned and renovated from the 1990s. It obtained a new roof truss and a roof covered with ceramic tiles.

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bibliography:
Chorowska M., Rezydencje średniowieczne na Śląsku, Wrocław 2003.
Leksykon zamków w Polsce, L.Kajzer, S.Kołodziejski, J.Salm, Warszawa 2003.
Nowakowski D., Siedziby książęce i rycerskie księstwa głogowskiego w średniowieczu, Wrocław 2008.

Webpage lwkz.pl, Dzietrzychowice – wieża.