Dzierżoniów – St George’s Church

History

Church dedicated to Saint George in Dzierżoniów was most probably established in the 13th century. The first certain reference to the temple comes from 1258, when in the document of bishop Tomasz I, the parish priest Henry was mentioned. In 1338, the duke of Świdnica Bolko II the Small gave patronage of the temple to the Order of the Knights Hospitallers, who soon began to expand the church, changing its architectural layout from the hall to the basilica. In 1364, a cloister was added to the church, which connected the temple with the so-called the commander’s house, the seat of the Dzierzoniów brothers. In the fourteenth century a new, larger chancel was built, while in the fifteenth, the construction of the tower in the south-west corner of the church was started. A gothic porch was also erected from the town side. In the era of the Reformation, in the first half of the 16th century, the church was taken over by Protestants, to whom it owes its present appearance: a high central nave with beautiful net vaults, a two-story, south aisle and a high tower’s helmet in the south-west corner.

Architecture

The original church from the 13th century was a hall building. In the fourteenth century, it was rebuilt into a three-nave basilica with a non-separated chancel, ended with a polygon, covered together with the nave with a net vault. Probably at the end of the 15th century, a row of chapels was added from the south. On the north side the sacristy was placed, and the north-west corner was occupied by a huge, four-sided tower, crowned with a helmet in 1588. Also in the sixteenth century, the southern aisle was rebuilt into a two-story building. In the side aisle and sacristy, rib vaults were used, and in the southern row, three-part vaults.

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bibliography:
Kozaczewska H., Średniowieczne kościoły halowe na Śląsku, “Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki”, 1-4, Warszawa 2013.

Pilch J., Leksykon zabytków architektury Dolnego Śląska, Warszawa 2005.