Duszniki – St Martin’s Church

History

   The church was built in the first half of the 16th century from the Poznań bishops foundation. Soon after the finishing, bloody events were to take place there, when in 1543 during a church ceremony the landowners Wojciech Suski, Serafin Jeziorkowski and Jan Sędziński wounded the servant Wojciech in the temple and killed him in the cemetery. In 1758, church was destroyed by a fire, later it was renovated. In 1903-1904, it was extended by one bay in the westerly direction, and in the years 1912-1913, a side aisle and sacristy were added from the north and the vaults were covered with polychrome made by Stanisław Smogulecki.

Architecture

   The original church was built as an aisleless building, closed on three sides from the east, without a presbytery separated from the external body. The whole building was surrounded by buttresses, between which tall, pointed windows were pierced. The church was characterized by perfectly finished, uniformly developed walls, surrounded by a plinth and an offset at the height of window sills. A regular, rhombic pattern outlined with zendrówka bricks was laid along the entire height. The vaults received stellar-net forms in three bays, and in the fourth one, western, and in the eastern one stellar vaults were built. They were made with slight unevenness, but masterfully conceived and making a great impression on the viewer.

Current state

   As a result of the pre-war rebuilding, the late-medieval church was distorted by a neo-Gothic, low northern aisle, sacristy and the entire western bay, which absorbed the corner stair tower. New window traceries were also created during this period. Fortunately, the medieval body of the church remained intact and can be admired to this day.

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bibliography:
Grzybkowski A., Gotycka architektura murowana w Polsce, Warszawa 2016.
Kowalski Z., Gotyk wielkopolski. Architektura sakralna XIII-XVI wieku, Poznań 2010.
Maluśkiewicz P., Gotyckie kościoły w Wielkopolsce, Poznań 2008.