Drawsko Pomorskie – church of the Resurrection

History

   The parish church in Drawsko Pomorskie was erected after the foundation of the town in 1297, and before 1363, when lateral altars were mentioned in written sources. Its founders could be the town’s rulers at the time, the von Goltz, von Wedel and von Polentz families. In 1312, the first parish priest of Drawsko appeared in the documents, and the second, coming from the mighty family Walter von Güntersberge, in 1326. He was then establisheda cathedral canon in Schwerin, two years later a canon in Kamień, to finally become an archdeacon in Demmin, all the while being a parish priest in Drawsko. In 1320, the Pomeranian duke Warcislaus gave patronage over the church to the Augustinian monastery in Pyrzyce, after which the patronage in 1341 took over the Cistercian monastery in Recz. It can therefore be assumed that the construction of the Drawsko church was advanced in this period, and the basic works were completed before the end of the mid-fourteenth century. In addition, in the first half of the fifteenth century, a church tower was added.
  
In 1537, the town like the entire West Pomeranian region, underwent Protestantism as a result of the Reformation, which led to the secularization of church goods. In the Drawsko parish church, the place of Catholic clerics was taken by evangelical pastors. In 1534, a lot of damage to the church was caused by fire. The church files were burnt then, as well as the interior and the top of the tower. Another numerous fires destroyed the temple in the 17th century. The general renovation began at the beginning of the eighteenth century, another was carried out in 1854 and 1913. During the last World War the temple happily survived and returned to the Catholic Church.

Architecture

   The church was erected in a hall form with three distinctive long naves. In contrast chancel, situated on the eastern side, is short, single-nave and polygonal ended. From the west in the fifteenth century, a 75-meter high, four-sided tower was added. The outer façades are reinforced with slender buttresses, between which large and narrow windows were pierced, characteristically placed in the bigger and shallow niches. The temple is decorated with numerous blendes, placed especially on the tower and the eastern gable. The most valuable elements are side portals: north and south, which are decorated by bestiaries, that is reliefs burnt in a brick, on which are depicted human and mythical figures (dragons, mermaids, centaurs, knights, unicorns) and floral motifs. The entire building circulates a granite plinth. Its blocks far exceed the size of the blocks used in granite constructions, which is why they probably do not come from an earlier building.
   The interior was divided into naves by the rhythm of octagonal pillars connected with ogival arcades. The space of the central nave from the east is closed with a smaller presbytery, separated by a chancel arch. Its polygonal walls are pierced with large ogival windows with deep reveals, and the sub-window zone has been fragmented with a pairs of pointed arch recesses. The rectangular span of  chancel was shaped differently, its windows were replaced with shorter blendes, and under them there are large but single niches. Ancillary columns were put on the walls, on which the ribs of the vaults flows. The walls of the aisles are shaped differently, where a structural frame was distinguished from quadrangular half-pillars and the arches carried by half-pillars. In both parts very decorative brick elements were used, limited to chamfers and faults. In the aisles there are cross-ribbed vaults, analogous to four vestibules under the tower, while in the northern sacristy there is a stellar vault.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Architektura średniowieczna Pomorza Zachodniego, Poznań 2019.
Pilch J., Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Webpage drawsko.pl, Zabytki miasta i gminy.