Dolsko – St Elisabeth’s church

History

   The church of Saint Elizabeth in Dolsko was probably built in the second half of the 13th century. It was mentioned for the first time in 1337 on the occasion of giving salaries to the clergy in Dolsk. Probably in the 16th century, a semicircular apse was added. In the eighteenth and nineteenth century the church was renovated.

Architecture

   It is an aisleless building, orientated, built on a rectangular plan, without a choir, with a western tower of the same width as the nave and later apse on the eastern side. The walls were built of carefully worked granite blocks arranged in regular layers, bond with lime mortar. The thickness of the walls in the nave is 1,15 m, in the tower 1,80 m, and the monumental shape of the tower, give the church the characteristics of a defensive structure. The nave of the church is divided into two bays, closed with a rib vault, and from the outside they are trimmed with granite buttresses. Church is covered with a gable roof with a conical closure over the apse.
  
The entrance to the church leads through two portals: west and south. The western portal located in the middle of the tower’s base is the most impressive. Its three-stepped jambs closed with a delicate pointed arch with a keystone element, allow the church in Dolsk to be included in the so-called group of transitional, romanesque-gothic architecture. On the left, inner jamb there is a chessboard ornament with a bit of a drawing already blurred. Its symbolism and meaning are still unexplained. The windows were rebuilt and enlarged, they received a new jambs and gothic form.
   
The west tower with a rectangular base has the same width as the nave and is more than twice higher from it, connected by a wide, pointed passage. The lower storey is covered with a barrel vault, the upper floors are divided by wooden ceilings. Stone stairs placed in the wall lead to the higher storeys of the tower. A small, slit window  illuminates a narrow passage. The next holes are closer to the crown of the tower walls. Probably they were originally slit windows made at the level of the bell tower, through which the sound of the bell was heard. In the nineteenth century, they were slightly widened, framed by a brick and closed by a full arch.

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bibliography:
Jarzewicz J., Architektura średniowieczna Pomorza Zachodniego, Poznań 2019.
Pilch.J, Kowalski S., Leksykon zabytków Pomorza Zachodniego i ziemi lubuskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Webpage architektura.pomorze.pl, Dolsko ( Dölzig ).